Thailand Education System

History of Thailand Education System

In the early days of Thai history, education evolved around temples and royal courts. Buddhist monks gave basic education to boys in classes set within temple compound. Children of the royal household and noble families were educated at royal courts. The rest of Thai society was made up of farmers, who that time didn't require literacy.

During the reign of King Rama V (1863-1910 A.D.) the country bureaucracy has increased and the was a need for educated people. With the issue in 1898 of the Education Proclamation, Thai education system has been modernized and made accessible to all people.


In Thailand, there are three major government agencies responsible for education: the National Education Commission is responsible for the educational policies, planning and research at the national level, the Ministry of Education is responsible for the provision of basic education nationwide, while the Ministry of University Affairs is responsible for the management of state universities.

Thailand Education System

Formal Education
The current system of formal education consists of four levels of education: one or two years of pre-school education; six years of compulsory primary education; six years of secondary education: three years at the lower secondary level and three years at the upper secondary level and higher education.

Non-Formal Education
Non-formal education, including adult education, was introduced in Thailand in an attempt to provide education for those who miss schooling opportunities. Educational programmes offered emphasize basic education, news and information literacy and vocational skills training which are available throughout the country.

Special training services are also provided for disadvantaged groups in urban and rural areas who require skills to earn their living and make them active contributors to society.

Higher Education

There are more over 20 state universities and over 30 privately operated universities and colleges. Education at this level copes with thousands of secondary school graduates wishing to continue their further studies.

Most of the privately-run colleges offer courses and programmes leaning heavily towards science and technology. These colleges are responding both to the increasing demands of a large number of high school graduates and also to current needs for advanced technology.